Causes of Hyperpigmentation

by jeff on December 14, 2011

There are a lot of people who experienced hyperpigmentation. For some, this is just natural but for others, this is a disease. There are a lot of skin doctors who finds ways in order to treat this kind of skin condition. There are also people who tried to know the cause of this condition and avoid it. If you know the cause of hyperpigmentation then you will likely know how to prevent having one.

Hyperpigmentation is a skin disorder that is associated with sun damage, hormonal changes, inflammation, and certain illnesses and medication. These things are known as the causes of having pigmented spots in the skin. In order to understand hyperpigmentation, we must know what are melanin and its effects in the body. Melanin is a skin pigment. This is the substance that will give color to our skin. Dark skinned people have more melanin in their skin compared to white skinned people. Melanin is our natural sunscreens which are produced by cells called melanocytes, protecting us from the harmful UV rays emitted by the sun.

The number one cause of melanin production would be sun exposure. When you are exposed to the sun, your body will release melanin in order to prevent the UV rays from damaging your skin. The time that you will be exposed in the sun is proportional to the amount of melanin that will be released from your body. When your body produces too much melanin then there is hyperpigmentation in your face or skin. In order to avoid too much melanin production then you must lessen the time that you spent under the sun.

Another cause of hyperpigmentation would be inflammation. This will usually occur when you are injured by scrape, cut, burn, acne, psoriasis, eczema, or chemical exposure. The healing process is where the problem of hyperpigmentation occurs because as the wound closes the area around the injury would turn dark, like a scar. You can have early treatment for this spots or you can try using cream that can fade the spot such as chemical peels, skin lighteners, or microderm abrasion.

Change of hormones can also cause hyperpigmentation. There are hormonal fluctuations that will happen during pregnancy, when taking birth control pills, or undergoing hormone therapy. During this hormonal change there is a hormone that is produced which is called melasma, a common pigmentation disorder. This hormone will disappear after pregnancy or when you stop using birth control pills. You can also have laser treatment to remove the pigmented spots caused by melasma.

There are also illness and medication that can cause hyperpigmentation. Common medication will include hormone treatments, antimalarial drugs, antibiotics, antiseizure drugs, antiarrhythmics and others. You can talk to your doctor for the possible effects of their prescribed drugs before you taking them.

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